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The Epidemic of Childhood Obesity
population health, how they are embedded in the socioeconomic and built environments, how they impact obesity prevention, and how they affect society. Economos points to multiple efforts targeting this age group. While biology may often encourage us to eat more than we need to, biological solutions are not the answer from an ethical or practical perspective. Now that the nation has begun to realize the significant health, psychological, and societal costs of an unhealthy weight, it is time to re-examine its way of thinking and revise the social norms that are now accepted. 11, these are short-sighted actions that would undermine public health and paradoxically increase federal obesity-related medical costs over the long term. No industry aims to promote weight gain among its customers. Opinions expressed in these commentaries are those of the author and not necessarily those of the American Academy of Pediatrics or its Committees. The decline, though, is not the result of a single program.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 17 percent of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years are obese. Companion paper: A companion to this article can be found online. General recommendations: increase consumption of fruit and vegetables, as well as legumes, whole grains and nuts; limit energy intake from total fats and shift fat consumption away from saturated fats to unsaturated fats; limit the intake of sugars; and be physically active - accumulate. Childhood obesity is complex because it has biological, behavioral, social, economic, environmental, and cultural causes, which collectively have created over decades an adverse environment for maintaining a healthy weight. But we do not have the luxury of waiting to accumulate large bodies of evidence.
As institutions, organizations, and individuals across the nation begin to make changes, social norms are also likely to change, so that obesity in children and youth will be acknowledged as an important and preventable health outcome and healthful eating and regular physical activity will. This gives clues to what is working. These changes have occurred once there has been a collective understanding of the severity of the problem, its impact on health, and mobilization around the potential for improvement. They spend a lot of their day in school and then in after-school programs, she said. Changing the social norms toward healthful lifestyles will have amplified benefits. Thats about.7 million children. This research should inform new intervention strategies that are implemented and tested at individual, family, school, community, and population levels. Poverty predisposes individuals to obesity through multiple mechanisms and to chronic diseases, like diabetes, at any weight. Community and neighborhood design and safety. Specific policy, environmental, social, clinical, and behavioral intervention approaches should be examined for their feasibility, efficacy, effectiveness, and sustainability. Nor is genetics the primary problem or the sole determinant.