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Policy Of Containment
United States. Kept its bases in the areas around Russia, such as those in Iceland, Germany, and Turkey. Kennan, a career Foreign Service Officer, formulated the policy of containment, the basic United States strategy for fighting the cold war (19471989) with the Soviet Union. Kennans ideas, which became the basis of the Truman administrations foreign policy, first came to public attention in 1947 in the form of an anonymous contribution to the journal Foreign Affairs, the so-called X-Article. This was part of an integrated strategy to promote republicanism in France by strategically and ideologically isolating the clerical-monarchist regime of President Patrice de Mac-Mahon. Origin (19441947) edit Key State Department personnel grew increasingly frustrated with and suspicious of the Soviets as the war drew to a close. Not all of Eisenhowers challenges were external some originated within the borders of the United States and indeed his own Republican party. Although it continued to aim at restraining the Soviet Union, it was based on political realism, thinking in terms of national interest, as opposed to crusades against communism or for democracy. Wittner, American Intervention in Greece, (1982) Dean Acheson (1987).
Task forces studied and made recommendations regarding three possible strategies: A continuation of the policy of containment, the basic policy during the Truman years; A policy of global deterrence, in which.S. Kennans policy was controversial from the very beginning. 44 By sending military aid to anti-communist insurgents in Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, and Nicaragua, Reagan confronted existing communist governments and went beyond the limits of containment doctrine. James Stone, "Bismarck and the Containment of France, 18731877 Canadian Journal of History (1994) 29#2 pp 281304 online Sidney Pash, "Containment, Rollback and the Onset of the Pacific War, ". Portraying the issue as a mighty clash between "totalitarian regimes" and "free peoples the speech marks the adoption of containment as official.S. After 1954, Burnham and like-minded strategists became editors and regular contributors to William. Kennan and the Cold War: An Unauthorized Biography.
Policy and Eastern Europe in the 1950s Journal of Cold War Studies, 1#3 (1999 pp 67110 online Robert. The" is from Job 38:11. Forrestal gave permission for the report to be published in the journal Foreign Affairs under the pseudonym "X." 11 Biographer Douglas Brinkley has dubbed Forrestal "godfather of containment" on account of his work in distributing Kennan's writing.
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History of War to Resist America and Aid Korea. Military rollback against the Soviet Union was proposed by James Burnham 31 and other conservative strategists in the late 1940s. Reagan Doctrine edit Following the communist victory of Vietnam, Democrats began to view further communist advance as inevitable, but Republicans returned to the rollback doctrine. "History, historians and the Naming of Foreign Policy: A Postmodern Reflection on American Strategic thinking during the Truman Administration Intelligence and National Security, Autumn 2001, motives in the Media Vol. As a description. Working with Truman: a personal memoir of the White House years. "Containment and the Cold War: Reexaming the Doctrine of Containment as a Grand Strategy Driving US Cold War Interventions".
The Foreign Policy
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