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Punishment is not Justice
life was substituted as the maximum punishment for several offences which had previously been punishable by death. Egalitarians state that justice can only exist within the coordinates of equality. Following the passage of the Security from Violence Act (the "Garrotters Act in the shawshank Redemption 1863, which authorised up to 50 strokes, this punishment was frequently used for those convicted of theft with violence. Ten, Crime, Guilt, and Punishment: A philosophical introduction (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987) Plato, Republic trans. A., Judicial Punishment in England (London, 1990) For more secondary literature on this subject see the Bibliography. The National Archives Some convicts were sentenced to periods of imprisonment in more unusual institutions, including the Poultry Compter, New Prison, and Holloway Prison.
Just as every community now has a jail, stocks were ubiquitous in earlier times: So essential to due order and government were the stocks that every village had them (Earle1896/1995, 29). Corporal Punishment and Executions, although contemporary executions are done with a pinprick as part of lethal injection, until the 1800s abuse and torture were commonly aspects of the death sentence. According to the Bible, such institutions as the Mosaic Law were created by God to require the Israelites to live by and apply His standards of justice. Imprisonment: House of Correction 'Scene in Bridewell from William Hogarth, The Harlots Progress, Plate IV (1732). Other Miscellaneous In the late nineteenth century courts began to order additional punishments, aimed at compensating victims and preventing further crimes. Death Dissection and the Destitute. In practice, juries routinely reported (fictitiously) that the convict had 'no goods' and thus nothing to forfeit. Burned at the Stake Women found guilty of either treason or petty treason were sentenced to be burned alive at the stake, though executioners usually strangled women with a cord before lighting the fire. Rather, it is derived from the more basic standard of rightness, consequentialism : what is right is what has the best consequences (usually measured by the total or average welfare caused). An Act of 1776, intended to address the problems resulting from the suspension of transportation, allowed judges to sentence male offenders to hard labour improving the navigation of the Thames by dredging it, as an alternative to transportation overseas. John Locke advocated natural rights as a derivative of justice. Although this information was not consistently reported in the.