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The Digital Divide Theory
systems should be participatively designed to reflect the economic and socio-cultural exigencies and traditions of local developing communities. Graeme Johanson's contribution (Delineating the meaning and value of Development Informatics) summarises different views on this new field. 29-51 (Routledge advances in sociology; 73). Van Dijk, Johannes.G.M.
The dominant game of having to compete for research funds for development analysis does not lend itself to collaboration. Over the films and television programmes past almost two decades only a handful of very poor countries did not get onto this bandwagon. Hershey PA USA : IGI Global, 2011. In one of the most advanced countries on this globe, the USA, rural communities do not use broadband optimally, so the question is then, why would it make a difference to the poorer regions of the world? Such passion is admirable, but in our view somewhat self-destructive. That implementation of ICT does not automatically or necessarily have an economic effect on a community could be one implication of Kenneth Pigg's chapter in this book (Information Communication Technology and Its Impact on Rural Community Economic Development). This is not surprising, as there are no special theories of ICT for Development, and few models by which to measure success, while the dominant model seems to be biased toward a particular cultural-specific view of economics, namely neo-liberal capitalism. If projects are unsuccessful, or do not meet goals, an extraordinary amount of money is wasted that could rather be used for other purposes. In Ragnedda M, Muschert GW, editors, The digital divide: the internet and social inequality in international perspective. This book is intended to encourage intellectual discussions particularly among donor agencies with a social conscience, which would really like to make a difference, but which (perhaps) get the wrong guidance for policy-making. Matthew Clarke ( Understanding the Policy Implications of ICT for Development ) shows that ICT policies operate with the framework of traditional neo-liberal economic theory, while the world has moved on to a new economy, which could perhaps be labelled knowledge economy. A further implication of Pigg's chapter is devastating news to social activists and technological determinists who wish to "uplift" the developing world by connecting.