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The Battle of the Somme


the Battle of the Somme

the batteries ready to engage fleeting targets. Casualties edit Main article: World War I casualties Somme casualties Nationality Total casualties Killed missing POW United Kingdom 350,000 - - Canada 24,029 - - Australia 23,000 200 New Zealand 7,408 - - South Africa 3,000 - - Newfoundland 2,000 - - Total British Commonwealth. "The Lessons of the Somme". Field artillery fired a creeping barrage and the attacking waves pushed up close behind it in no man's land, leaving them only a short distance to cross when the barrage lifted from the German front trench. Somme : Tragedy and Triumph. The unexpected length of the Verdun offensive, and the need to replace many exhausted units at Verdun, depleted the German strategic reserve placed behind the Sixth Army, which held the Western Front from Hannescamps, 18 km (11 mi) south-west of Arras. The front line had been increased from one trench line to three, 150200 yards (140180 m) apart, the first trench occupied by sentry groups, the second ( Wohngraben ) for the bulk of the front-trench garrison and the third trench for local reserves. Falkenhayn was sacked and replaced by Hindenburg and Ludendorff at the end of August 1916. The Battle of Fromelles had inflicted some losses on the German defenders but gained no ground and deflected few German troops bound for the Somme. German defences ringed the British salient at Delville Wood to the north and had observation over the French Sixth Army area to the south towards the Somme river. Haig was not formally subordinate to Marshal Joseph Joffre but the British played a lesser role on the Western Front and complied with French strategy.

the Battle of the Somme

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Allied war strategy for 1916 was decided at the Chantilly Conference from 68 December 1915. 445,322, to which should be added 27 percent for woundings, which would have been counted as casualties using British criteria; Anglo-French casualties on the Somme were over 600,000 and German casualties were under 600,000. As recently as 2016, historian Peter Barton argued in a series of three television programmes that the Battle of the Somme should be regarded as a German defensive victory. After the end of the Battle of Guillemont, British troops were required to advance to positions which would give observation over the German third position, ready for a general attack in mid-September. His final letter was written to a friend as he waited along with his company to be called up to join the opening attack of the Battle of the Somme: advertisment "June 28, 1916. The Chief of the German General Staff, Erich von Falkenhayn, intended to end the war by splitting the Anglo-French Entente in 1916, before its material superiority became unbeatable. Some members wanted to take a shorter step back, to a line between Arras and Sailly, while the First and Second army commanders wanted to stay on the Somme. The Somme: Heroism and Horror in the First World War (repr. On British historiography see Philpott, William (2006). The silence was announced during a speech by the Prime Minister David Cameron who said, "There will be a national two-minute silence on Friday morning.

the Battle of the Somme

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