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We have frustratingly little in the way of historical documents about this business, but when we do get an account, as with Fa-Hsien, we realize how routineRead more
Stanley Milgram - The Perils of Obedience
according to how well one obeys. Some of the variations revealed that: The experimenter's physical presence has a marked impact on his authority - As cited earlier, obedience dropped off sharply when orders were given by telephone. Braverman, like all subjects, was told the actual nature and purpose of the experiment, and a year later he affirmed in a questionnaire that he had learned something of personal importance: "What appalled me was that I could possess this capacity for obedience and compliance. An American newspaper recently"d a pilot who conceded that Americans were bombing Vietnamese men, women, and children but felt that the bombing was for a "noble cause" and thus was justified. What is extraordinary is his apparent total indifference to the learner; he hardly takes cognizance of him as a human being. I am forever astonished that when lecturing on the obedience experiments in colleges across the country, I faced young men who were aghast at the behavior of experimental subjects and proclaimed they would never behave in such a way, but who, in a matter.
How many men aboard each chopper? At 75 volts, he grunts; at 120 volts, he complains loudly; at 150, he demands to be released from the experiment. Napalm is dropped on civilians from ten thousand feet overhead; not men but tiny blips on an infrared oscilloscope are the target of Gatling guns.
An Essay on An End to Blind Obedience, Perils of Human Obedience,
He has been told he kills others in a just cause. Hobbes stated further that an act so executed is in no sense the responsibility of the person who carries it out but only of the authority that orders. They are but one narrow band of causes in the total spectrum of forces impinging on a person. For the subject, the situation is not a game; conflict is intense and obvious. The rebellious action of others severely undermines authority - In one variation, three teachers (two actors and a real subject) administered a test and shocks.
Analysis of Stanley Kubricks Influence as a Film Maker, The Perils of Television,